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Influencing and Advocacy

One of the GNC strategic priorities is to influence and advocate for improved, integrated and coordinated nutrition response during humanitarian crisis

With operational responses to all major humanitarian crises worldwide, Nutrition Cluster partners have distinct access to information about the impact and the response to crises that can - and should - be used to inform and influence major stakeholders at national, regional and international level to ensure nutrition impact in emergencies, identifying gaps and bottlenecks and proposing solutions to problems that programs alone cannot solve.

Nutrition Cluster advocacy strategy at global level

Starting from 2014, the GNC included advocacy as a cluster strategic priority to support the achievement of its goals.

Within this context, the Nutrition Cluster Advocacy Strategic Framework 2016-2019 aims to provide high level overall strategic direction and focus for Nutrition Cluster advocacy efforts to ensure linkages across global and country levels and cluster partners and to support the development of common messages and activities to leverage impact.

Overall GNC advocacy aim is to support an appropriate nutrition response in emergencies that is predictable, timely, effective and to scale.

The Advocacy Strategic Framework defines three goal areas for advocacy.

  • Goal 1 focuses on effectiveness of the humanitarian response. Objectives:
    • 1.1. Nutrition analyses are consistently included in the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) decision-making processes for appropriate cluster activation to respond to the nutritional needs of emergency affected populations, including in contexts with low GAM levels, by taking into account other nutrition vulnerability parameters in addition to GAM.

    • 1.2. Clearly articulated nutrition-sensitive approaches are systematically included in emergency responses of other relevant clusters (in particular WASH, Food Security and Health Clusters).

  • Goal 2 is about resource mobilisation for nutrition in emergencies
    • 2.1. Increased timely allocation of resources for nutrition in emergencies in underfunded areas.
       
  • Goal 3 seeks to foster the accountability of humanitarian and development actors towards emergency preparedness, response and transition to development ensuring that expertise and technical capacity on Nutrition in Emergencies (NiE) contributes to inform and shape nutrition policies
    • 3.1. Improved transition of emergency nutrition programmes to development from cluster coordination to multi-sector coordination systems at sub-national, national, regional and global levels including improved government leadership

    • 3.2. Strategic engagement with development actors to improve preparedness, response and transition in crisis prone and affected countries to ensure the humanitarian-development continuum.

Each advocacy Goal area is supported by Objectives and Results, specifying the changes required to contribute to the achievement of the ‘bigger’ goal. For each result, the Advocacy Strategic Framework assesses the current external context and barriers to be addressed, opportunities ahead for influencing, and the Nutrition Cluster role to date. Sample activities tapping into the Global Nutrition Cluster global-level presence and access to decision makers are also proposed for some results, although activities should be further defined and agreed as part of the GNC annual planning process. Finally, the Advocacy Strategic Framework proposes Indicators to support the monitoring and evaluation of cluster advocacy and to ensure that learning is embedded in the GNC annual planning cycle to inform future advocacy priorities.

Within this context, the Nutrition Cluster Advocacy Strategic Framework 2016-2019 aims to provide high level overall strategic direction and focus for Nutrition Cluster advocacy efforts to ensure linkages across global and country levels and cluster partners and to support the development of common messages and activities to leverage impact.

Nutrition Cluster advocacy strategies at national level

To support country clusters and sector working groups with development of their national advocacy strategies, GNC has developed a Nutrition cluster advocacy toolkit. The Nutrition Cluster Advocacy Toolkit is not meant as a stand-alone guide on how to carry out advocacy activities. Instead, it is a practical guide for advocacy. It provides key questions for reflection, basic advocacy pointers and some advocacy tools to support Nutrition Cluster partners at national level through the different stages of the advocacy cycle with a specific focus on advocacy for nutrition in humanitarian contexts. Previous advocacy experiences from the Nutrition Cluster and its partner organisations are used to illustrate the different areas in which advocacy can work.

GNC encourages all country clusters and working groups to develop their national nutrition in emergencies advocacy strategies to support delivery of their mission. The Nutrition Cluster Advocacy Toolkit is a useful resource to guide this work. If needed, GNC Coordination Team can provide guidance and advice on how to develop an advocacy strategy for nutrition clusters and sector working groups through GNC Helpdesk on Coordination. You can also refer to an example of an advocacy strategy (EN, AR) and advocacy action plan (EN) from Yemen, as well as an example for a Terms of Reference for an external consultant to support this work.

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